Estie Stith Crabbe
pp 374-388
The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society
on or about October 1951


                                                                    ESTIE STITH CRABBE

        Little if anything is known of the two subjects of the following sketch, but the title of this manuscript was chosen because of similarity in names. If the trend of the story seems to drift from the main characters, it is for a purpose - that purpose being to devise avenues for future research and to focus attention on relationships of one group to another. The facts set forth are not derived from tradition, but based solidly on Court record, Bible record, and writings of people of two, three and four generations ago.
           Names of those to whom this writer is indebted for information, appear below:

Miss L Hardin, now of La Plata, Maryland.
Mrs. Ermina Jett Darnell, Frankfort, Kentucky.
Mrs. Frances Shacklette Fast. Brandenburg, Kentucky.
W. A. Stith. Guston, Kentucky.
Mrs. Frank J. Snider, Elizabethtown, Kentucky.
John Frederick Dorman Ill, Louisville, Kentucky.
Mrs. George M. Maverick, Elizabeth, New Jersey.
Stratton 0. Hammon, Louisville, Kentucky.
Jane E. Smith, Bedford, Virginia.
W. S. Long, Elizabethtown, Kentucky.
Mrs. Fannie McIndoo, Kansas City, Missouri.
Eugene Nail, Dallas. Texas.
Mrs. James W. Moorman (nee Strother), Big Spring, Kentucky.
Helen M. Bruner, Sutro Library, San Francisco, California.

                                                                SAMUEL S. LONG

           In the early nineteenth century two men approximately the same age and bearing the same name lived in the Western section of Kentucky. The similarity in names started an investigation by relatives which has embraced broad fields of research, in an endeavor to determine what, if any, relationship existed between them.
          The first SAMUEL S. LONG was born October 9, 1809, in Kentucky; died 11 Sept. 1856, in Harrison County, Indiana. His middle name is still a mystery merely designated by the letter "S." He married Mary Ann Current (b. July 12, 1815; d. Jan. 21, 1846), daughter of Samuel Current and Mary Applegate.

            Samuel S. Long was a son of Robert Long (b. Jan. 8, 1784, in Virginia; d. Sept 17. 1856) and Rhoda Martin (b. 13 June 1785; d. Sept. 29, 1840) daughter of John Martin. Robert and Rhoda were married March 26, 1805, in Shelby County, Kentucky.

        On file in Shelby County Courthouse, is the will of one Samuel Long (Bundle 84, No.8, Book 3, pages 80,101, 104, 256) which was produced in Shelby County

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Court, October, 1813, and proved by the oaths of James Pollard & John Lemon, the subscribing witnesses thereto. Following is an extract of said will:
               Item. I give and bequeath unto my beloved wife Alsey Long.
               Item. I give and bequeath to my son John Long
               Item. After the payment of all my just debts and burial expenses to be paid out of my personal estate, the remainder or profits arising therefrom to be equally divided between my children, namely:
               Mary Patterson
               James Long
               Samuel Long
               Robert Long.
      It is a matter of record that Samuel Long, father of the children above, was in Shelby County as early as 1798 when he bought the land he willed to said children. On March 1, 1798, Samuel Long is mentioned in the Early Land Records, Shelby County, in deed from James Patton, 100 acres, Shelby County, Gists Creek—(Book C., page 174.)

      The son Robert Long, father of Samuel S. Long, the first named of whom this manuscript treats, was born in Virginia, Jan. 8, 1784, as previously stated but county not named. Since Robert Long was married in 1805 to Rhoda Martin in Shelby County, it is quite evident that Robert emigrated with his father Samuel Long from Virginia to Kentucky before 1798. On April 20, 1812, a Robert Long was paymaster to 37th Kentucky Militia (Book K. p. 689.)

      On page 74 of "The Official Manual of Kentucky" presented to this writer very graciously recently by the Secretary of Kentucky Historical Society in Frankfort, the information is given that Shelby County was organized in 1792 from Jefferson County and the present map of Kentucky shows Shelby lies between Jefferson and Woodford Counties, the latter county becoming quite prominent as the locale for historical facts later to be given. It is noteworthy that aside from Samuel Long and his son Robert Long (father of Samuel S. Long first of the two subjects of this sketch) the Early Land Records in Shelby County, Kentucky, show the following men by the name of Long who were contemporaries of Samuel Long and Robert Long:

From 1792, date of organization of the county, to 1797, Anderson Long.
From 1796 to 1812, James Long.
In 1796 a Jacob Long is mentioned.
From 1799 through 1815, a William Long is given.
From 1799 to 1803. Abraham Long.
From 1801 to 1812, Aaron Long.
In 1801 only, Abner Long.
From 1811 to 1812. Jeremiah Long.

       Facing westward in Kentucky, an interesting discovery to this widespread research, brought to light the will of John Long in Meade County. It was this will which strengthened the belief there must have been some relationship

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between Samuel S. Long and Samuel Strother Long, two men bearing the Same name. The names in this will show conclusively that the said John Long was son of Samuel Long of Shelby County, Kentucky, (will dated 1813.) Referring again to "The Official Manual of Kentucky," page 74, Meade County was formed in 1823 from Hardin and Breckinridge Counties. Hardin County was the home of Samuel Strother Long, the second subject of this sketch.

        An extract of will of John Long (Will Book B., page 58, Meade Co., Ky.) follows:

JOHN LONG, wife Elizabeth. To Harriet Clarkson tract of land lying in Big Spring _____ To my brother, Robert Long, if living $50. To my brother Samuel Long, if living $50. To my sister Elizabeth Elestone ____ To Mary Patterson's heirs ____.

Executors: Richard S. Moreman (Moorman) and John Beaty. Dated Jan 3, 1845; proved March 3, 1845. Meade Co., Ky.

      An analysis of this will called for definite data to ascertain the approximate time John Long entered Meade County from Shelby County. It was then revealed the Shelby County Records recorded that: "October, 1813 - the last will and Testament of Samuel Long deceased, was returned to Court and proved by the oaths of James Ballard and John Lemon subscribing witnesses thereto where-upon the same is ordered to be recorded and on motion it is ordered that letters of administration be granted to John Long upon his entering into bond in the penalty of $2000 with Nathaniel Prewitt, Richard Neale, Saml.. Long, Alse Long, his securities with such conditions as required by law." Again - January 1815. "On motion of John Long ordered that Washington Allen, Jas. L. Young and Jos. D. Allen or any two of them be and they are hereby appointed commissioners to settle with John Long, Executor of Saml. Long deceased and make report thereof to the Court." Also, John Long was administrator of the estate of his brother James Long who died in Shelby County, March 1815. The Marriage Bonds in Shelby County, Ky., show that John Long was married to Elizabeth Prewitt, July 29, 1822. She was probably a daughter of Nathaniel Prewitt who entered bond with John Long in re. settlement of estate of Samuel Long, father of John. It is then determined that John Long removed to Meade County after 1822 or in the latter part of that year.

       The chain of events then lead back to Meade County, Kentucky, because at this date (1822) Meade County was a part of Hardin County, borne of Samuel Strother Long, the second subject of this sketch. The name of Harriet Clarkson, legatee first named in the will of John Long, cleared the way for conjecture on the part of the writer because of the association of so many very old and respected names in that section of Kentucky. The files in Brandenburg Courthouse, county seat of Meade County, revealed the maiden name of Harriet Clarkson. Deposition by John B. Truman, taken October 20, 1847, shows she was Harriet Truman, his niece. She was raised by John Long of Meade County because John and Elizabeth Prewitt Long had no children of their own, and Harriet's own

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mother was probably deceased. The marriage records reveal also that on January 19, 1834, Harriet Truman was married to Jesse M. Clarkson, son of James Fielding Clarkson and Elizabeth Ann Moorman, daughter of Jesse Adams Moorman & Elizabeth Buckner Stith. Still standing today and greatly admired as one of the famous show places of Kentucky, is the old stately southern colonial mansion built by James Fielding Clarkson in 1851 in Big Spring. A Virginian by birth, J. F. Clarkson bad settled in this area thirty-six years earlier. The writer has been informed that this magnificent residence has been wonderfully preserved, now almost one hundred years old.

           Not only did John Long rear Harriet Truman Clarkson, but also her sister Lucinda Truman. This is shown in the same Deposition by John B. Truman taken October 20, 1847. In Marriage Book A, page 80, Richard S. Moreman (Moorman) was married to Lucinda Truman on July 30, 1839. Father-Walter Truman, deceased.. Bond—John Long. The said Richard S. Moorman was a brother to Elizabeth Moorman Clarkson; both children of Jesse Adams Moorman and Elizabeth Buckner Stith Moorman.

           John Long died in January, 1845, and on September 18, of the same year his widow Elizabeth Prewitt Long was married to William Ditto (Mar. Book B. No. 74) however, she did not survive long as on Nov. 4, 1848, the notation is made that: "Elizabeth Ditto died shortly after last term of court." John Long had appointed Richard S. Moorman as Executor of his will, but on Dec. 7, 1846. Richard S. Moorman resigned and William Ditto was appointed administrator with the will annexed. Records reveal that in an Inventory dated Dec. 6, 1847, William Ditto was also deceased.

          During his residence in Meade County, Kentucky, John Long was associated with one Henry Haynes. An Indenture dated Aug. 15, 1842 discloses this transaction. Because of revelations yet to come it is important that Henry Haynes be identified. There rests a strong probability that John Long and Henry Haynes were acquainted before John Long left Shelby County shortly after his marriage to Elizabeth Prewitt, and took up residence in Meade County. There were three men by the name of Henry Haynes (all closely related) living in this section of Kentucky in 1822 the same year John Long was married in Shelby County. The eldest of these three Haynes men was the uncle of the two younger men – or perhaps the writer should designate the two younger as only boys at this time. Henry Haynes (the uncle) incidentally was the great-grandfather of the writer. He was born in Bedford County, Virginia, in 1778; married in 1801 to Phebe Hatcher and emigrated to Breckinridge County, Kentucky, between 1805 and 1810. In 1822 their youngest child was born - William Washington Haynes, maternal grandfather of the writer. In 1843 W. W. Haynes married Elizabeth Woolfolk in Hardin County, Kentucky. Elizabeth Woolfolk Haynes’ eldest sister,

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Amanda Woolfolk, married SAMUEL STROTHER LONG, second subject of sketch and which will be presented shortly.

             Many years before his death, Henry Taylor Haynes, eldest son of William Washington Haynes & Elizabeth Woolfolk Haynes, wrote a lengthy history of his early life in Breckinridge and Meade Counties in Kentucky. This manuscript gives invaluable details of countless relatives and their mode of living in those early days in Kentucky. In the body of this history H. T. Haynes states his father - (W. W. Haynes) had been associated with one Mr. Ed Graham in Rockhaven, Meade County, Kentucky, in business for a time. It is also disclosed that in their later years Henry and Phebe Hatcher Haynes had made their home with their youngest born, William Washington Haynes. With the date of marriage of W. W. Haynes & Elizabeth Woolfolk (1843) in mind, coupled with the fact that his parents resided with him, let us observe again the Deposition made by John B. Truman on October 20, 1847, to-wit: "John Long lived from 1825 and before, on farm in Meade near Rockhaven where he died. Previous to 1825 or sometime previous, Long lived in Shelby County, Kentucky."

            The reader would immediately conclude by statement of fact and court record that this was indeed the Henry Haynes above mentioned associated with John Long. He outlived John Long by twelve years. Henry Haynes died in 1857 and was buried near Cloverport, Kentucky.

          The reader must also bear in mind that this John Long was the eldest uncle of Samuel S. Long, first subject of this sketch. Every conceivable trail has been followed in order to ascertain family associations and relationships. With this in mind we come to the second Henry Haynes with whom John Long of Meade County may have been associated in a Court document, Meade County, dated Aug. 5, 1842. Said Henry Haynes, more familiarly known as "Big" Henry Haynes, was born August 18, 1805, son of William Haynes (brother of the first Henry Haynes mentioned in this narrative) and Agnes Pate Haynes of Bedford County, Virginia. He may have been born in Bedford County himself; the record does not state, but his son James Henry Haynes, born Aug. 18, 1843, left an account of his people at the time of his death, stating his grandfather William Haynes and family emigrated from Bedford County, Va., to Breckinridge Co., Ky., about 1805, and shortly afterwards removed to Meade County or that part which later became Meade in 1823. No better introduction of "Big" Henry Haynes can be made than that which appeared in the issue of Meade County Messenger under date of October 11, 1934, contributed by J. D. Hardin, and which was submitted to this writer by the widow of a grandson of William & Agnes Pate Haynes:

"This early history of Meade County, dedicated to Henry Haynes Surveyor of Meade County, beginning about 1840. I write this in order that a prominent worthy and efficient official of Meade County lest we forget him in the ordinary history of this country. I have, had the pleasure of seeing the man about whom I am now writing, however, I have heard about him since my early boyhood. By the kindness of his son James Haynes, and

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his grandson, Bert Haynes, who have placed in my keeping and custody his official records as County Surveyor of Meade County beginning about 1840 to 1867—1 have read these records and marvel at the completeness and correctness which have astounded me in their perfection and details. Upon the fly leaf of his first ledger of three, I have the notes of the surveying of Meade County as made by Nathan Raitt, Esq., made August 23, 1824,


As run by Nathan Raitt, Esq., and deported the 23rd of Aug., 1824.

         Beginning at a point on the Ohio river half way between the mouth of Salt River and the mouth of Otter Creek, at three sycamore trees, marked as the beginning and running thence S. 12 degrees E. 2613 poles to three black oaks on the Litchfield road, two miles from the nearest point of the road leading from the mouth of Salt River to Elizabethtown upon a straight line, thence S. 16 degrees W. 1357 poles to the month of the brushy fork of Otter Creek, thence S. 74 1-2 degrees W. 2488 to the Big Spring, thence N. 52 degrees W. 3729 poles to three white oak trees on the west side of Cal Carr's plantation, thence N. 55 degrees W. 4125 poles to the lower end of Flint Island, having merited on the bank of the Ohio River several beech and sugar trees thence up the river following its meandering to the beginning.

             Following that I find large land grants made to different parties in the state of Kentucky, before this became a state, located in the territory in which he was a surveyor, to wit: MEADE COUNTY. The first entry upon his official records was his survey and plat of Robert Hardin’s estate in Little Bend now Roberta, Kentucky. Following the division and allotment of said estate with wonderful neatness and correctness. So far I have not been able to see or come in contact with records of any Meade County Surveyor, or found the records of any official records kept by the County Surveyor. In reading these records I am astounded and amazed at their wonderful correctness. I write this statement or letter that we do not forget a worthy competent and efficient character that played such an important part and factor in the early history of this county. Probably five hundred or more original grants and deeds of land in Meade County were surveyed by him, as the County Surveyor, under the direction of the court and in connection with commissioners, appointed by the court and each survey is accompanied with the plat of the land showing the survey in a concised and intelligent manner.

           It seems to me that I have heard him called and referred to as "Big" Henry Haynes, Meade County Surveyor. I do not know his height or weight but by the "tracts" he made and the records that he left, measured by his efficiency, he was the biggest Surveyor that Meade County ever had or any county in the State of Kentucky. His plats of land lying on thy Ohio River and other streams within the County are nothing short of marvelous. If county officials and prospective officials would take a pattern of the work done and the lasting monument that Henry Haynes made by his work and follow it to a successful conclusion they would have no regrets of any official work that they would do. It can be said of him truly that he did the best that could be done and he did well.

            He must have bad a wonderful mind which was backed with a substantial education, possibly he did not make any hours or points as commonly referred to by students now, but he must have had wonderful teachers or preceptors to have instilled in him the importance of correctness and exactness. I have only merely touched his records that he made but it is a field of information that would be a credit to any one to follow as a Surveyor or Civil Engineer. It is reported in this country that George Washington was a surveyor, but I wager my reputation for beauty, that George Washington has nothing to

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show or nothing that can be shown that will equal the monuments left by Henry Haynes as a Surveyor of Meade County.

             The usefulness of his records is indeed valuable at this time, practically 75 percent of all boundaries of land in Meade County were surveyed and plotted by him while County Surveyor of Meade County, and they are very valuable assets in practicing law, surveying, administrating and dividing estates and allotting land because you will find possibly any boundary of land that might have to be divided or surveyed, a well constructed plat and surveying of that particular land in the record.

Yours truly,

J. D. Hardin.

               From this newspaper article, a natural conclusion can be drawn that Henry Haynes enjoyed a widespread acquaintance in Meade County, and could easily have been the Henry Haynes with whom John Long was associated in the aforesaid Court document under date of Aug. 15, 1842, two years after "Big" Henry Haynes became Surveyor of Meade County.

             Although living his entire life in that section, it was a little surprising then to learn he was not married in Meade County. A search of the records in Woodford County disclosed that Henry Haynes and his first wife Mary (Polly) Ann Brown were married there in 1831. As this story unfolds it will become apparent why "Big" Henry Haynes had gone to Woodford County where he met the lady of his choice and subsequently married her. It will soon be related how the John Long & Mary Haynes Long Family left Bedford County, Virginia, to reside in Woodford County, Kentucky. They were the great uncle and great aunt respectively of "Big" Henry Haynes. In a recently published book: FORKS OF ELKHORN, by Mrs. Ermina Jett Darnell of Frankfort, Kentucky, the highlights of many old families in that section are given. In a communication from Mrs. Darnell. the writer was informed that the Whittingtons, Longs, Browns and Reeds all lived in the same neighborhood. A visit to the Longs in Woodford County culminated in the marriage of "Big" Henry Haynes and Polly Ann Brown.

             The third Henry Haynes with whom John Long of Meade County, Kentucky, may have been associated, was known as "Little" Henry Haynes to distinguish him from his first cousin "Big" Henry Haynes. It is highly probable he helped his cousin in some surveys in Meade County because it is written in the record of one of his daughters that he was "a lawyer and surveyor." He was born in Bedford County, Virginia, Oct 14, 1811, son of Millner Haynes and Nancy Pate Haynes. He was nine years old when he accompanied his parents by ox-team over "The Wilderness Road" from Virginia to Kentucky. The most significant thing, however, is the fact "Little" Henry Haynes was married to Jane Stith, daughter of Dr. John Stith and wife Susan Hightower Stith of Big Spring, Kentucky. It will be recalled that in Big Spring a tract of land was bequeathed to Harriet Clarkson by John Long in his will dated 1845. Moreover, Dr. John Stith (1770-1841) was a brother to Elizabeth Buckner Stith (b. Oct. 25, 1762) who

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married Jesse Adams Moorman. It was their daughter Elizabeth Moorman who married James Fielding Clarkson, builder of the old mansion in Big Spring, and their son Jesse M. Clarkson who married Harriet Truman, foster-daughter of John Long of Meade County.

        As a final gesture to the first subject of this sketch—Samuel S. Long, his father and mother "Robert Long and wife" may be identical to those given in the Shelby Sentinel, 1940. The writer is grateful to Mrs. Darnell for the following:  "The Centennial issue of the Shelby Sentinel, 1940, tells of the organization of Antioch Christian Church in Shelby County, 1839. Among the 13 charter members were Robert Long and wife; Mr. and Mrs. James L Long; Margaret Long; Frances Whittington (could be Frances Glenn, who md. Littleton Whittington, Jr., Woodford Co., 1819.) The first minister J. S. Willis, married Mary J. Long, one of the members. The church is gone now, but the cemetery is there and holds graves of many Longs."

              It has been observed by the reader that Robert Long, father of Samuel S. Long, was born in Virginia, Jan 8, 1784; d. Sept. 17, 1856. Married Rhoda Martin, March 26, 1805, in Shelby County, Kentucky. Since he had a brother James Long who died in 1815 (his brother John Long later of Meade County was administrator of his estate) the James L Long who was among the 13 charter members of Antioch Christian Church in 1839, could easily have been a nephew. The four children of Robert Long & Rhoda Martin are given: Louisa Long, Elizabeth Long, Samuel S. Long (1st subject of this sketch) and Craven Long.


Dates of birth and death of Samuel Strother Long, second of the name and subject of this sketch, are unknown. Many years ago, probably seventy-five years or more, the maternal grandmother of the writer gave to her progeny time written statement that her elder sister Amanda Woolfolk (1819-1833) was married in Hardin County, Kentucky, August 4, 1836, to SAMUEL STROTHER LONG son of KATHERINE STROTHER and JOHN LONG of Kentucky. The year of this marriage (1836) tends to show Samuel Strother Long was born approximately the same time (1809) as Samuel S. Long first subject of this sketch. The John Long named as father of Samuel Strother Long by Samuel's sister-in-law. Elizabeth Woolfolk Haynes, has yet to be identified. Likewise, Katherine Strother, the mother of Samuel Strother Long.

       It was in Hardin County that Elizabeth Woolfolk was married to William Washington Haynes, Feb. 16, 1843, great-grandson of William Haynes (1710-1781) of Bedford County, Virginia. A Haynes-Long marriage in Bedford County, Va., will soon be presented with the hope that concentrated research on these various lines may reveal if any relationship existed between the husband of Elizabeth Woolfolk and the husband of her sister Amanda Woolfolk; the former

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Wm. W. Haynes and the latter Samuel Strother Long. Then in some unaccountable way a clue may be derived from forthcoming information whereby the relationship (if any existed) between Samuel S. Long of Shelby County and Samuel Strother Long of Hardin County may be found.

            An appeal was made to W. S. Long, Former Clerk of Hardin County, and a grandson of Samuel Strother Long, for the will of Samuel Strother Long only to be informed there was no such will extant. Three children are definitely known; Willis Long, Virgil Long and Lucy Long (Yeager.) A systematic search has been conducted for some months in an effort to contact all descendants interested. That search is still in force, and in the interim a plan was formulated to lay before the public and particularly descendants scattered abroad, facts concerning the Strother-Long-Haynes Families. The suggestion was made by the former Librarian of Kentucky Historical Society, Miss I. Hardin, herself a descendant of the first Samuel S. Long. Especial tribute is paid at this time for her prolonged and kind assistance.

         The Grim Reaper has beckoned all those whose lives formed a part of the rugged frontier life of our nation. Defending loved ones and property from the onslaught of the enemy and cultivating the soil for the preservation of life, left little time for many to keep strict private records to be handed down to posterity. What records had been cherished were later scattered and many totally destroyed when our country was torn asunder by the ravages of the Civil War. Those fortunate enough to be salvaged have formed the foundation for this manuscript.


             Recorded in Bedford County, Virginia, under date of August 3, 1772, is the marriage of John Long and Mary Haines. Stephen Sanders, surety. Consent of Mary herself. Also recorded in Bedford County is the will of William Haynes, dated April 8. 1780, probated June 25, 1781 (Will Book A, p. 394.) Executors named in the will were William Leftwich and Stephen Sanders, the latter no doubt the same as surety on marriage bond of John Long and Mary Haynes. Witnesses to the will were Merry Carter, Frances Carter and Mary Carter. The sixth item in this will reads: I give to my Daughter MARY LONG one Negro girl named Judith to her and her heirs.

            The following extract appears In Wm. E. Railey’s: WOODFORD COUNTY, KENTUCKY, HISTORY, page 148: John Long was one of Woodford County’s early settlers, arriving soon after the Revolution, he having played a gallant part in that struggle as a soldier. He married Mary Haynes in 1772 in Bedford County, Va., and she accompanied him on his long western journey. He was born in 1749 in Virginia, and died in Woodford County, Kentucky, in 1832.

          It has been shown that "Big" Henry Haynes of Meade Co., Ky., had journeyed to Woodford Co., Ky., and married Polly Ann Brown in 1831. It is to be presumed that "Big" Henry Haynes’ visit to Woodford Co., was for the primary purpose of visiting his

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aged great-uncle and great-aunt John Long and Mary Haynes Long. John Long probably was in ill health due to old age at this time.

(end of extract)

              In 1810 according to the census of that year, John Long, Sr., possessed a fine farm, was the owner of fifteen slaves and had a family consisting of five members within his domicile at that time which fact is borne out by the family Bible. He was the proud father of twelve children, but all except three were married and housekeeping in 1810, The children of John Long, Sr., and Mary Haynes follow:

Garrard Long, born in 1773, married __________
Lucy Long, born 1775, married William Whittington in 1791.
James C. Long, born 1776, died 1859, md. in 1802 Nancy Berry dau. of Samuel Berry, Sr., and wife Mary Allen.
John Long Jr., born 1776, md. Polly Stevenson in 1805.
Reuben Long, born 1780, married ________ Macey.
Frances Long, born 1783, md. James Marshall?
William B. Long, born 1786, died 1825, md. Susan Holeman in 1816.
Betsy Long, born 1787, md. George McDaniel?
Polly (Mary) Long, born 1789, ad. John W. Brooking in 1809.
Sally Long. born 1790, md. Robert Clark in 1811.
Willis Long. born 1792, md. 1st. Harriet Thomas in 1817; md. 2nd. Eliza Agun in 1829.
Anderson Long, born in 1795, died in 1810.

           Both parents were living in 1810, and only three of the twelve children were single and living at that time in the home, which bears out the census report of that year.

          Woodford County, Kentucky, History, page 209: The will of John Long, Sr., was dated Feb. 15, 1831, and was witnessed by John Fitzlan and William M. Craig. The Executors were Samuel Berry and James C. and Willis Long, the two latter sons of deceased.

            The writer has been unable to ascertain in what capacity John Long, Sr., served his country in the Revolutionary War, as related by Wm. Railey in his sketch of John Long and Many Haynes. There is the probability it was told him by one of the daughters of John Long, Lucy Long, wife of William Whittington. This is merely conjecture, but in time sketch of Lucy Long and husband on page 95 of the Woodford History, Mr. Railey recounts a tale given him by Lucy Long Whittington who was with her family at the Seige of Bryan’s Station when she was only seven years old and was one of the brave maidens who volunteered to carry water for a thirsty garrison of several hundred persons. Her story was given Mr. Railey when she was 85 years old and he a mere boy eager to listen and thrilled by it all.

            The Kentucky State Records show there was a John Long on the payroll of Augusta County, Va., in 1758, but this was another person, because John Long, Sr., of Bedford County, was not born until 1749. Records reveal a John Long took the Oath of Allegiance in Henry County, Va., in 1777. This was

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five years after the marriage of John Long and Mary Haynes in Bedford County. Henry County was formed from Pittsylvania County in 1776, but descendants of John Long and Mary Haynes are strongly convinced that this couple came direct from Bedford County, Va., to Woodford Co., Kentucky.

          In 1776 there was a Lieutenant John Long in Baltimore Militia, Maryland. In later years there was a Captain John Long, Pensioner, in Franklin County, Kentucky. There are seven John Longs listed in Gwathney's Virginia List of Soldiers in the Revolution; all are not located, but one is from Caroline County and one from Spotsylvania County, Va.

          Wingfield's History of Caroline County, Virginia, page 228, gives Saffell's list of pensioners, and among them is one Capt. John Long, February, 1778. Boogher's Gleanings in Virginia History, gives the following: Discharged at Valley Forge 16 Feb., 1776, 3rd Troop Va. Light Dragoons 1st. Regt. under Col. Theodorick Bland—among other names were those of Corp. John Long and also John Long, Jr., private.

             FORKS OF ELKHORN CHURCH by Mrs. Ermina Jett Darnell of Frankfort, Kentucky recently published, carries a more extensive account of the John Long family. Christian names of children of John Long and Mary Haynes show particularly those of James, John, Reuben, William and Anderson. The name of Willis, so nearly like that of William, would naturally arrest the attention of the researcher. With James, John and William so extremely common in so many American families, particular attention was paid to the two names of Reuben and Anderson. Results of research will become apparent presently.

            Gerrard Long, the first born son of John Long and Mary Haynes, presumably received his name from Elder John Gerrard, a Baptist minister who emigrated to Kentucky from Virginia. Samuel Haycraft’s HISTORY OF ELIZABETH-TOWN, KENTUCKY, speaks of Elder John Gerrard on page 14. It was on the 17th day of June, 1781, under the shadow of a green sugar tree near Haynes’ Station, a Baptist church was constituted with eighteen members, by Elder William Taylor and Joseph Barnett, preachers, with Elder John Gerrard who was ordained first pastor. The church was called the Regular Baptist Church of Severn's Valley. All the members and preacher emigrated from Virginia and Elder Gerrard might have been emphatically styled "the voice of one crying in the Wilderness." Seeking food and forced to hunt wild game in the wilderness a hunting party one day was surprised by a band of Indians. All churchmen escaped except Elder Gerrard who was lame. He was never heard from again.

             If this be not the source from whence Gerrard Long received his name, that source is unknown to this writer. He had come into Kentucky from Virginia, as the John Long family had done, in later years (1789.)

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          The Bedford County, Virginia, Records were searched many months ago for all men and women by the name of Haynes. In none of these abstracts does the name of Long appear, which shows there were no legal transactions involved between William Haynes (1710-1781) and his son-in-law John Long. In a check of deeds and wills in Bedford County recently, one was unearthed in the name of Long before the year 1772, when John Long and Mary Haynes ware married. This was a deed to Fredrick Long in 1762 conveying 200 acres on Falling Creek; in 1764 Fredrick Long conveyed this property to Charles Patterson. No further mention is made of this Fredrick Long in Bedford County but be may have been the same mentioned on page 184 in SUNLIGHT ON THE SOUTHSIDE by Landon C. Boll, Lunenburg County, Virginia, in lists of tithes in that county (1748-1783); it gives Frederick Long I in 1752 which was one year before Bedford County was organized from Lunenburg County. Aside from the marriage of John Long and Mary Haynes in 1772 in Bedford, only one other appears: that of William Long and Massay Wheat December 7, 1795, which was six years after John Long and Mary Haynes were firmly established in Woodford County, Kentucky, since the date of their emigration from Virginia to Kentucky is given in FORKS OF ELKHORN as 1789.

             An Interesting correspondence occurred in the year 1905 between a genealogist living in Taylorsville, Kentucky, and a lady living in Austin, Texas. These letters were given to this writer for study. The genealogist had visited the counties of Culpeper and Spotsylvania in Virginia and obtained from court records there authentic legal documents. From Will Book D. Culpeper County, under date of Nov. 11, 1761, the will of Richard Long was produced; proved Aug. 2nd, 1762. Richard Long gave land to each of his six sons: Gabriel, James, William, Andrew, Reuben and John. His wife's name was Eliza (Elizabeth.) A glimpse into Lunenburg County, Va., shows there was a Richard Long in that county, as recorded by Landon C. Bell’s CUMBEBLAND PARISH & VESTRY BOOK, Lunenburg Co., 1746-1816, page 509. This Richard Long was present with George Bruce and Benjamin Pulliam at processioning of land on 31 March, 1760. He is not identified.

            With the Christian names of James, William, Andrew (Instead of Anderson) Reuben and John, sons of Richard Long of Culpeper County, we find these same Christian names given to children of John Long and Mary Haynes. Another glimpse at FORKS OF ELKHORN CHURCH shows the family of John Long immediately follows the Culpeper Family of Long (p. 191) but the author, Mrs. Darnell, definitely informed this writer she did not connect John Long of Woodford County to the Culpeper family. If John Long of Bedford County, Virginia, later of Woodford County, Kentucky, was the son of Richard Long of Culpeper County, Va., it behooves the angels to record same, unless some ancient Bible, in the hands of some living descendant today, reveals it as authen-

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tic. With such a probability in mind with such evidence at hand, we are privileged to step back into history and view the picture. Assuming John Long was indeed the son of Richard Long, we are able to trace his ancestry by the repetition of Christian names handed down from generation to generation. Bearing in mind the genealogist aforementioned had visited the counties of Culpeper and Spotsylvania for Long data, the next citation is found in Spotsylvania Records wherein the same abstract of will of Richard Long (Culpeper) appears. The Executors of will of Richard Long are given: Wife, Elizabeth, son Gabriel Long and John Garret. Then in another abstract, the clue is found that Bloomfield Long deeded 118 acres to son Reuben Long, Nov. 4, 1746 (Spotsylvania County.) With the advent of Bloomfield Long, the Spotsylvania Records give the information that on Nov. 16, 1757/7 Mch. 1758, Bloomfield Long, blacksmith, deeded 118 acres to daughters Sarah Long and Molly (Mary) wife of John Payne "where Bloomfield lives." This transaction apparently was witnessed by Richard Long, since the abstract gives the dates Aug. 1757/1 Nov. 1757, Richard Long, witness.


          A thorough study of this very old and distinguished family failed to bring to light the lineage of Katherine Strother who married John Long presumably in Hardin County, Kentucky, and had a son Samuel Strother Long, second subject of this sketch. Nor has this study revealed whether the "S" in the given name of Samuel S. Long, first subject of this manuscript, came from this ancient and honorable family of Strother. If so, then the full names of the first and second subject of this story, were identical.

            Submitted to this writer from time to time, were genealogies of the Strother Family. Space will not permit quotations from all of them, but Wm. Armstrong Crozier's "The Buckners of Virginia" page 219, will suffice to give the reader a clear conception of the vast ramifications attributed to this family:

             "The name Strother is an ancient one, and is believed to be of Scandinavian origin. Whatever may have been the derivation, it has existed in its present form in the County of Northumberland, England, from the eleventh century, and by inter-marriage many of the descendants of the name have become allied with the most prominent of the families of the Borders.

              Alan del Strother, by his marriage in 1350 with Constance, daughter of William de Lyam, obtained three messuages in Alnwick, as well as the Manor of Lyam. This Alan was the son of William del Strother, living in 1318, and who, according to the Calverly MSS. (British Museum) became of Kirknewton by his marriage with Joanna, daughter of Walter Corbet, grandson of Patrick, 5th Earl of Dunbar, by his wife Ada, natural daughter of William the Lion of Scotland (1165-1214.)"

             Other genealogies of this well known family include those published in Publications of the Southern History Association, Vol. 2, page 149, by Thomas

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McAdory Owen. Tyler’s Quarterly, Vol. 11, page 182, and also Vol. 12, page 42, give two excellent articles by John Bailey Calvert Nicklin. From the Invincible Magazine, under date of June 1913, Vol. 1, page 55, will be found the writings of one J. T. Strother in which is set forth the fact that Agatha Strother of Stafford County, Virginia, married John Madison, the first clerk of Augusta County, Virginia closely related to President Madison, although details of this close relationship are lacking. John Madison was a son of Ambrose and Frances Taylor Madison and is spoken of as one of the most influential men during the Revolution.

              Wm. E. Railey’s "Woodford County. Kentucky, History’ page 144, gives another interesting sketch of the Strother Family. The notation is found that Francis Strother married Susannah Dabney, of Hanover County, Virginia. Although this marriage took place long before the Revolution, it is disclosed here because of the surname Dabney. A son of this union was named John Dabney Strother, born in Hanover County, Va., 1721, and married Mary Wade. Shortly thereafter, they removed to Culpeper Co., Va.. The writer has been informed by very respected resident of Guston, Kentucky, that a John Dabney Strother died in 1880 in Bardstown, Nelson County, Kentucky. Since Hardin County was organized from Nelson County in 1792, it was thought highly probable Katherine Strother who married John Long in Hardin County was a close relative to this John Dabney Strother. There seems to be a web of circumstantial evidence with no proof positive that Katherine Strother stemmed from this branch of the Strother Family, because we find the children of John Dabney Strother and Ann Pendleton Slaughter listed as follows:

    1. Elizabeth Strother,
    2. Mary Strother,
    3. Margaret Strother,
    4. Dr. Robert T. Strother,
    5. Sarah Strother,
    6. Maria Strother,
    7. Dr. Wm. D. Strother,
    8. Emily Strother,
    9. Catherine Strother,
    10. Benjamin Strother.

             The ninth child Catherine Strother could easily have been named for Katherine Strother of Hardin County, because the dates involved are timely. The year of marriage of John Dabney Strother and Ann Pentleton Slaughter, is given as 1811. The marriage of Samuel Strother Long and Amanda Woolfolk, took place in Hardin County in 1836, and it is convincing that Katherine Strother and John Long must have been married either quite late in the 18th century or very early in the 19th century for their son Samuel to marry in 1836.

            As this story comes to a close it is hoped from details set forth some conclu-

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sion can definitely be drawn. We have seen that John Long of Bedford County, Va., and wife Mary Haynes left Virginia for Woodford County, Kentucky, in 1789, and were neighbors of the Longs of Shelby County in 1809, the year Samuel S. Long, first subject of this sketch, was born. Were they closely related? If so, how close?

                It has been pointed out to the reader that John Long, uncle of Samuel S. Long, left Shelby County. Ky. for Meade County, and his association with the Haynes Family. Court records prove that.

             A handwritten document in possession of the writer shows another John Long of Hardin County, a contemporary of the others, and probably well known to the others as well—the John Long who married Katherine Strother. As stated before this John Long was the father of Samuel Strother Long, second subject of this sketch, and brother-in-law to Elizabeth Woolfolk Haynes, maternal grandmother of the writer. So many early Kentucky families stemmed from root stock in the Mother State of Virginia. From countless authorities the Longs, Haynes, and Strothers in various counties in Virginia are legion. It would take a volume to enumerate them.


A brief genealogy of the Haynes Family.

WILLIAM HAYNES (Ca. 1710-1781) of Bedford County, Virginia.
ELIZABETH __________ Ca. 1734.

Among other children had a daughter Mary Haynes who m. John Long; also a son Henry Haynes (brother to Mary Haynes Long) born Ca. 1745; died 1816 in Bedford Co., Va. M. 1st Bathsheba Hampton. Among other children had three Sons:

1. William Haynes born 1773. M. Agnes Pate in Bedford Co., Va. Among other children had a son"Big" Henry Haynes, an account of whom has been given in this sketch.

2. Henry Haynes, born 1778. M. in Bedford Co., Va., 1801, to Phebe Hatcher. Among other children had a sonthe youngest born, William Washington Haynes. born July 1, 1822, and m. Elizabeth Woolfolk in Hardin County, Ky., 1843, sister to Amanda Woolfolk who m. Samuel Strother Long 1836 in Hardin County.

3. Millner Haynes born 1781. M. Nancy Pate in Bedford County, Va.. Among other children had a son"Little" Henry Haynes who married Jane Stith daughter of Dr. John Stith of Big Spring, Kentucky. An account of "Little" Henry Haynes is found in preceding sketch.